Friedwardt Winterberg


A small, conically shaped target of deuterium-tritium fuel is placed at the juncture of two magnetically insulated transmission cables. A high voltage and relatively low current in the cable at left heats the tip of the cone to thermonuclear temperatures. A high current and relatively low voltage in the cable at the right generates a magnetic field pressure (marked H in the diagram), which contains the deuterium-tritium, and causes a shock wave to move to the right, up the fuel cone, igniting the rest of the fuel without the need for any more confinement.

Some of the press flap generated by the 1981 publication of Professor Winterberg's book , The Physical Principles of Thermonuclear Explosions, and its coverage in 21st Century's predecessor magazine, Fusion.

The author (left) with plasma physicist Winston Bostick at a 1985 memorial conference for space scientist Krafft Ehricke, organized by Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr., and his wife, Helga Zepp-LaRouche. Stuart Lewis/EIRNS

Alive classic - father of nuclear rocket engine and electric discharge nuclear fusion, professor Friedwardt Winterberg, Dr. rer. nat., was bom in Germany in 1929, got his Ph.D. degree in 1955 under Nobel laureate Werner Heisenberg, became a professor of physics at the State University of Nevada in 1963 and U.S. citizen in 1968. He was awarded the 1979 Hermann Oberth Gold Medal of the Werner von Braun International Space Right Foundation for his work in nuclear rocket propulsion, and is an elected member of the International Academy of Astronautics. More than 200 papers of him are published in recognized refereed scientific journals and two books.

In 1954, he proposed for the first time to test Einstein's general theory of relativity with atomic clocks placed in earth satellites, many years before artificial satellites became a reality. At this time in Hamburg, Germany, he made the first design studies for the nuclear ship propulsion reactor of the "Otto Hahn".

His paper on nonuniform fuel distributions in nuclear reactors, Geneva 1958, contains the theory which was used for the design of the NERVA nuclear rocket engine (and was translated into Russian immediately).

Much later Soviet NPO "Luch" organization practised soviet version of such engine in Kazakhstan, on Semipalatinsk Test Site.

Other important contributions are in the field of inertial confinement fusion. There he is credited with the concept of impact fusion through the acceleration of a superconducting projectile to ultrahigh velocities (Journal of Nuclear Energy 1966). The same idea was applied many years later by others for advanced space technologies in what is known as the mass driver.

F. Winterberg is also credited with the concept of the magnetically insulated diode for the generation of ultraintense, magampere-megavolt, ion beams (published 1969). This concept is under active development all over the world by many large government laboratories as a driver for inertial confinement fusion. This invention is not restricted to fusion, and apart from a variety of other applications has been considered as a potential beam weapon concept for the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI). Because of this important invention, F. Winterberg obtained in 1981 a citation by the Nevada Legislature.

Another concept proposed by F. Winterberg led to the recognition that very short wave length lasers in the gamma energy range and below, are possible in principle.

At the present he is working on his Planck ether theory. As he states, only further calculations and experiments can decide about the correctness of this approach, which, if true, would have far reaching consequences for all of physics and natural philosophy.

Professor Friedwardt Winterberg says:

"When Einstein formulated his theory of relativity, recognized by Minkowski as a 4-dimensional space-time, different from the original Lorentz-Poincare aether theory of relativity, he must have been unaware that in his theory the future is predetermined in every detail with no free will and hence no GOD. This was the reason why Karl Popper told Einstein "You are Parmenides". Apart from theology there are profound physical reasons why Einstein's theory must eventually fall, as I believe it will:

1.The Minkowski space-time requires that elementary particles must be pointlike, otherwise the time sequence of cause and effect can be interchanged by a Lorentz transformation. But the pointlike structure leads to the infinities in relativistic quantum field theories. They can be circumvented in renormalizable field theories notably in QED and QCD, but not in gravity. That they can be prevented in quantum gravity by going to higher dimensions appears to me wishful thinking.

2. Points, lines and surfaces are abstract elements of euclidean geometry which can not be part of physical realty, which is what can be measured. To measure the thicknes of a surface, for example, would according to Heisenberg's uncertainty principle require an infinite energy. Assuming as string theorists do, that there are more than 3 space dimensions, makes our 3-dimensional space a hypersurface in a higher dimensional space. This means, that every point in our space would hold an infinite amount of energy. For these reasons I strongly believe the third dimension is the first and last dimension, with all physics laboratories still 3-dimensional, and with the euclidean axioms for this space true for all times.

3. It is quantum mechanics with its superluminal connections which is in contradiction with Einstein's postulates. But what is more natural than to assume an aether which can transmit these connections? According to Schroedinger all matter are quantum waves, but again what is more natural than to assume that these waves are waves in an aether. If this is true than all material objects, including us, move as large wave packets through this world aether, and as in a wave we are in each moment destroyed and recreatead out of this aether. I can not think of a more beautiful manifestation of Being.

4. The most fundamental question facing 21st century physics will be: What is the vacuum? As quantum mechanics teaches us, with its zero point energy this vacuum is not empty and the word vacuum is a gross misnomer!" [from letter to K. Khaidarov, 2005]