© Copyright  Karim A. Khaidarov, July 18, 2008
GALACTIC CHANGES OF AIRCRAFT ATTITUDE
To light memory of my daughter Анастасии I devote
КВАЗАРЫ
Temperature квазаров
Considering, that the surface квазара is the most ordinary ionized gas, knowing gravitational potential of a radiating surface (9), it is possible to define(determine) temperature of a surface квазара from a condition of equality of mean speed of the easiest particle of a photosphere  electron and orbital speed on an average level of a photosphere.
For this purpose it is enough to accept, that the most probable speed of the easiest particles of the upper layer, i.e. electrons, is equal to orbital speed for the given altitude (radius R), and the distribution of electrons submits to statistics Максвелла, that is
v _{ 1 } = (іM/R) ^{ 0.5 } = (2kT _{ e } /m _{ e } ) ^{ 0,5 } [m/s],
Where і  gravitational constant.
From here we receive expression for temperature of electrons of a surface of a gas sphere [68]
T _{ e } = іMm _{ e } / 2kR [ ^{ * } K], 
(10) 
This temperature is colour temperature of a gas sphere, which differs from effective temperature by displacement of a spectrum of radiation in highfrequency area for the account термоэмиссии of electrons for limits of a sphere slightly. For usual stars temperature (10) differs from a little effective temperature of a surface of a radiating sphere and this difference can be taken into account having entered the colour correction equal, for example, for the Sun c _{ t } = 1,093. However for квазаров, by their spectrum such correction will be large. Approximate value received by the author c _{ tQSO } = 2.
Except for this correction in connection with large gravitational red displacement квазара it is necessary to enter the correction K _{ red } In the law of radiation. The sky квазара is not black.
From the formulas (9) and (10) with the corrections it is possible to receive temperature for each type квазаров

(11) 
Where K _{ red }  Correction to the law of radiation; m _{ e }  Weight of an electron; c  speed of light; k  constant Больцмана; C _{ t }  Colour correction.
Designed on the formula (11) values of temperatures квазаров are listed in table 4.
The table 4. Characteristic temperatures of radiation квазаров.
Type (n) 
Z _{ i } 
T _{ e } 
T _{ em.corr } 
Ж/c ^{ 2 } 
K _{ red } 
0 
0,060 
8,42E+07 
7,94E+07 
0,057 
1,000 
1 
0,302 
3,44E+08 
1,85E+08 
0,232 
0,700 
2 
0,598 
5,55E+08 
1,74E+08 
0,374 
0,500 
3 
0,962 
7,27E+08 
1,11E+08 
0,490 
0,300 
4 
1,409 
8,67E+08 
8,28E+07 
0,585 
0,230 
5 
1,958 
9,81E+08 
7,13E+07 
0,662 
0,215 
6 
2,632 
1,07E+09 
5,92E+07 
0,725 
0,200 
Thus, we came to the very important conclusion(injection), that квазары have квантованные, fixed temperatures of a surface of radiation. Besides having divided(shared) (9) on radius of radiation it is possible to receive value of gravity on a surface квазара

(12) 
As in the right part of expression (12) for the fixed type квазара variable is only R, it is possible to make from this the important conclusion(injection) about behaviour of weight квазара as гуковского of an elastic body.